Questions using syllogisms, and how to solve them, plus more!

Strategies for answering syllogism questions

The primary purpose of syllogism questions is to apply logic to a condensed argument. Developed by the ancient Greeks, this particular way of thinking is often credited to Aristotle as its final arbiter.

The logic behind a syllogism inquiry is dependent on the two premises given. In addition, if the predetermined premises hold, then the conclusion is the only one that can be accommodated.

First, an example will help us grasp the concept of syllogism:

All cats have four limbs because they are mammals, and all mammals have four limbs just like cats.

To help young minds develop their capacity for deductive reasoning at the peak of their maturity, syllogism problems are presented in elementary classrooms. The answers to these questions can help kids develop their capacity for logical reasoning and aid them in drawing reasonable conclusions. This tried-and-true strategy gives kids the tools they need to tackle new challenges and find workable answers on their own.

Syllogism questions and answers are an integral part of the preparation for competitive exams like the IBPS PO, Bank PO, SBI PO, and SSC-CGL. In order to assess an applicant’s capacity for logical thinking and deductive reasoning, syllogism questions are routinely included in the curriculum and on the exam’s question paper.

A syllogism inquiry consists of three parts: an initial statement, an intermediate premise, and a final conclusion. For a better grasp of syllogisms, let’s investigate the various kinds that exist.

Multiple choice, true/false, and syllogism

Syllogism questions can be broken down into three categories, each of which contains its own unique components. Take a look at the list below:

Constraint logic

Since they lack logical validity, conditional syllogisms are generally treated as hypothetical. In such case, you could wonder why it is not seen as reasonable. The rule “If X is true, then Y is likewise true” provides us with the evidence we need to draw this conclusion. Only if the assumed premises are accepted as valid can the conclusion be maintained. Let’s take an example to see what I mean.

Sam’s honesty is a major premise.

Sam is not dishonest, thus he doesn’t need to lie.

In sum, if Sam is trustworthy, he will provide forthright responses to all of your inquiries.

Logic fallacy of disjunction

“Either X or Y is true; if X is untrue, then Y will be true” is the rule for disjunctive syllogisms, commonly known as “either-or syllogism problems.” How about this for an illustration?

The cake can be either chocolate or vanilla, so choose one.

A fallacy: it is assumed to be vanilla while in fact it is not.

We can deduce that the cake must be chocolate since.

Syllogism of classification

Rule #1 of the categorical syllogism states that “if X is a part of Y and Y is also a part of Z, then X is a part of Z.” Let’s take an example:

First and foremost: every tulip is a type of flower.

Subtle Detail: She’s got a tulip in her hand.

She must be holding a flower, right?

Despite the variety of syllogisms, there is a set of guidelines that must be followed when formulating questions in this format.

Guidelines for working through syllogism exercises

To maximise the amount of correct responses to syllogism questions, a venn diagram is the most efficient tool. Let’s have a look at some of the more standard techniques:

You can use a venn diagram to verify your logical conclusions. There is no better way to quickly and accurately answer such inquiries.
Don’t make any wild guesses as you try to answer these questions. Your only source of truth is the information presented in the question and premise. Thus, it is advised against developing one’s own logic, as this will only serve to further confuse the situation.
Keep your focus narrowed in on the meaning of certain words like “not,” “a few,” “all,” and “at least.” The answers to these questions can be found in these core concepts.
Following the aforementioned guidelines will make it much simpler for you to answer syllogism problems. In addition, the method of answering such problems will naturally grow faster and easier the more you practise.

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